Different Ways People Prevent Pregnancy

Different ways you can prevent pregnancy with their pros and cons


Unplanned pregnancies can alter the course of your life. Before you have kids, be ready, don’t be caught unawares.

It’s in your best interest to use contraceptives, unless you’re sure you are ready to have kids.

Please note: What may work for you, might not work for another. For more information on which is best for you. Visit a doctor for a consultation.

Below are different ways you can prevent pregnancy.

1. The Male Condom










A sheath usually made of latex that covers the penis and blocks sperm from reaching the vagina

How effective? 95%. But in actual use about 85%

Side effects: some people have a latex allergy


Female condoms








Cheap also, but availability is not as common as the male condom, it is put into the vagina and blocks sperms from reaching the uterus.

Side effects: allergies to latex
How effective? About 79%

Many people do not know how to use it properly, some haven’t seen it


Cervical cap










A cap-like device that covers the cervix, can also be filled with spermicides(substances that kill sperms.

The issue is that it has to be in for some hours after sex and some people can develop very serious reactions to the spermicide.

How effective? 80%









As big as a match stick, it is implanted under the skin, usually in the upper arm

It affects the cervical mucus and affects ovulation. Can last for 5 years

How effective? 99%

Some side effects: weight gain, breasts tenderness, acne, irregular periods


Copper IUD







This is placed inside the womb,
It prevents the fertilized egg from joining the womb.

Can be used for up to 10 years
How effective? 99%

Some side effects: cramps, spotting, sometimes can go missing in the womb


Combined Oral Contraceptive Pills








You take this one every day, and it also helps to block the cervix by increasing the mucus production and blocking ovulation

It can also reduce the menstrual symptoms

How effective: 91%

It can reduce your risk of ovarian cancer


Hormonal injection










Injected into the muscle and released slowly,

Used every 3 months, works like the implant,
How effective: 98%

There are options like the Sayana Press that can be self Injected.

Some side effects: irregular periods, nausea, breast tenderness etc


Hormonal IUD

Same as above, the only difference is this one has a hormone that also blocks ovulation and makes cervical mucus thick
How effective? 99+%
Side effects; same as above plus irregular periods


Emergency Pills

These are the ones commonly know as Back Up, Postinor

WORKS for up to 72 hours after unprotected sex

Effectiveness drops as time passes, can be as high as 98% in the first 24 hours

Not to be taken often, if you are using it often, use a more regular method

Bilateral tubal ligation and hysterectomy

They remove the womb or tie the tubes that bring the egg to the womb

How effective: 99+%
Side effects: ectopic pregnancy for some people. Mood changes, depression, etc



The tubes that bring sperm into the penis is cut
Meaning no sperms…
How effective: 99+%
Side effects; you can only start having unprotected sex after three months after they have verified that there is no sperm in your ejaculate


Natural methods

The couple keeps track of the fertile days of the woman, and avoid sex on those days and about 5 days leading to those days

She can also measure her basal body temperature method as well as the thickness of the cervical mucus

Can be difficult to use correctly


Here the man removes his penis just before ejaculation:

This method can be quite unreliable as it has a failure rate of as high as 27%

Some men have been shown to have sperm cells in their pre ejaculate, or precum as some call it


Credit @aproko doctor



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