Stroke is when there’s poor blood flow to the brain leading to brain damage. Parts of the brain may stop working & various symptoms manifest.
A stroke is a medical emergency, so when you suspect it, act fast!!
There are 2 main types of stroke;
1. Ischemic stroke
Ischemic stroke is typically caused by blockage of a blood vessel.
2. Hemorrhagic stroke
Hemorrhagic stroke is caused by either bleeding directly into the brain or into the space between the brain’s membranes.
The main risk factor for stroke is;
⛔ high blood pressure or #hypertension!
Other risk factors are;
❌ Previous mini-stroke
❌ Tobacco smoking
❌ High blood cholesterol
❌ Kidney disease, &
❌ Irregular heart beat (atrial fibrillation)
Some common symptoms of a stroke are;
1. Face deviation to one side
2. Inability to move or feel on one side of the body
3. Slurred speech
4. Loss of vision in one side
An many more, depending on the part of the brain affected, sex.
The symptoms often appear soon after the stroke has occurred. If symptoms last less than 1 or 2 hours it is known as a Transient Ischemic Attack (#TIA) or mini-stroke.
Once you suspect a stroke, don’t waste 1second more. Move patient to hospital FAST coz time is everything.
Early treatment with drugs like “clot buster” can reduce brain damage, while other treatments will focus on limiting complications & preventing more strokes.
When diagnosing #stroke, your doctor will typically do a physical exam & order tests such brain scan, ECG (electrocardiogram) & blood tests.
A CT scan can rule out bleeding, but may not necessarily rule out ischemia, which early on typically does not show up on a CT scan.
To prevent stroke, the most important thing is to prevent or reduce the risk factors listed above.
– eat healthy
– exercise regularly
– avoid smoking
– don’t drink too much alcohol
– CHECK YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE REGULARLY
Some of the damage caused by stroke are irreversible. This is why we must act fast to prevent extensive brain injury when we suspect stroke.
Always inquire about stroke from your health care provider if you need more clarity.
And most importantly, KNOW YOUR BLOOD PRESSURE!